Navigating a Case in the Rockville Courthouse

191 East Jefferson Street in the Rockville area has been designated a courthouse. You aren’t allowed to bring any food or drink into the building.

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What Cases Does the Rockville MD Courthouse Hear?


Rockville serves as the seat of Montgomery County, one of the most populous counties in Maryland.

Maryland divides its trial courts by county, and within every county is a district and circuit court. The District Court has two locations in Montgomery county. One is the District Court for Montgomery County, located in Silver Spring. The other is a District Court located in Rockville.

The District Court hears different cases, including traffic violations, landlord/tenant cases, misdemeanor cases, certain felonies, and civil cases in the amount of $30,000 or less. However, the District Court has exclusive jurisdiction over claims for $5,000 or less. If the claims are above $5,000 but less than $30,000, the District Court has concurrent jurisdiction with the Circuit court.

When it comes to criminal cases, the Rockville District Court has concurrent jurisdiction with the Circuit Courts regarding certain felonies and in cases where the potential penalty can result in imprisonment for 3 years or more or a fine of $2,500 or more.

But, bear in mind that the Rockville District Court doesn’t conduct jury trials. In a case in which the defendant is entitled to a jury trial, the case can be moved to a Circuit Court for a trial to take place before a jury. That means civil claims above $5,000 and $30,000, as well as some other criminal offenses, can be heard in either the District or Circuit Court.


Procedures in the District Court

A typical criminal case in Montgomery County will start in District Court. The defendant can have a trial before a judge. The judge will determine the facts of the crime and decide whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty. Those who lose in District Court can appeal to the Circuit Court and get a new trial.

New jury trials are held when a jury, usually composed of community members, decides whether a defendant is guilty or innocent. In jury trials, the judge only instructs the jury regarding the law.

Proving the case beyond a reasonable doubt is the standard of proof for a guilty verdict. It means the evidence the prosecutor presents has to undoubtedly establish the defendant’s guilt. But, a skilled legal representative can help you by effectively dealing with the prosecutor, judge or the jury, and other factors in a criminal case.

An experienced criminal lawyer in Rockville, MD, like Paolo Gnocchi and the Scrofano Law team are ready to establish a strong defense strategy for the best possible result.

Where Is the Rockville Courthouse


The District Court in Rockville is located at: 
191 East Jefferson Street, 
MD 20850.

The Rockville City Police Department is located across the Courthouse square park. 


Is Representing Yourself in a Rockville Court Civil Case a Good Idea?

It is possible to represent yourself if you are, for instance, facing a civil dispute over a small amount. However, it may not be the best idea. Just because you can, doesn’t mean you should. Thinking that you don’t have to have any legal knowledge about how legal claims work can backfire.

An experienced lawyer will possess the legal and procedural knowledge required for a favorable verdict.

Before appearing in court, ensure that you consult a skilled theft lawyer who can assess the facts of the case and let you know what you can expect.

What Are Rockville Courthouse Hours?


The District Court in Rockville is open from 8:30 AM until 4:30 PM, Monday through Friday. However, the court is not open on public holidays.

It is essential to be on time or come earlier if possible. Sometimes, your name or your case number may be called as soon as the trial begins. If you are late, make sure you call the clerk’s office and ask them to tell the judge you will be late. However, since judges deal with many cases daily, they may proceed with the case without you, which can result in losing the case.

Your case can be dismissed if your name is called and you are not there to respond. If you are a defendant in a criminal case, not appearing can result in a warrant being issued for your arrest.


Rockville Courthouse Phone Number


You can contact the Rockville District Court for inquiries about civil, traffic, criminal cases, and general matters on 301-563-8800.

There is also a toll-free number, 1-800-944-1341, but it is available only for calls within the State of Maryland.

Rockville Courthouse Records


Court records can include different information, exhibits, documents, and other things that can be connected to a specific case. Court records are generally open to the public, but there are exceptions. For example, records on adoption, juvenile delinquency, emergency mental health evaluations, or certain marriage license information may be closed to the public if they don’t have a court order or a special provision of the law.

Case records that are available to public access can be accessed via CaseSearch. These records include Maryland District Court traffic, criminal, and civil case records. In addition, Maryland Circuit Court criminal and civil case records are also available.

Those who need additional case information can visit the courthouse where the case record is on file. These requests have to be made in person or in writing. The office of the administrative clerk can’t accept phone requests.


Do I Need a Lawyer After I’m Arrested in Rockville?

When someone is arrested in Rockville, Maryland, they will typically be taken before a district court commissioner. That is a judicial officer whose task is to review the charging documents, ensure the arrested individual understands the charges and possible penalties, and advise them of their right to an attorney.

You are not required to have a lawyer if you have a pending case in District Court in Rockville. But, it can be beneficial, especially if you are facing a serious misdemeanor case or a felony. 

For example, if you are facing assault charges, an experienced Maryland assault lawyer can explain the charges and collateral consequences you might be facing and advise you regarding your further legal steps.

Contact Attorney Paolo Gnocchi immediately if you or your loved one has been arrested and charged with a crime. She is not afraid to fight for your rights, and she has successfully defended individuals charged in Montgomery County courts.


We fight for your rights!

Lysa S

Paolo Gnocchi is an excellent attorney. He offered sound advice and thoroughly explained the court process. If you are looking for professional representation and a reliable attorney that will advocate for you, Paolo is your guy. Joseph Scrofano and his team are all dedicated individuals. Hopefully I never need a criminal defense attorney again LOL, but if I do, Scrofano Law would be my choice!


Joe is amazing! Here’s the hard truth:

- 99% of cases that go court in DC end in convictions
- Last year there were 120 cases in DC and the conviction rate was 100%

Here is the good news, Joe represents people in DC and knows what he is doing! When I was charged with a crime that I didn’t commit, Joe went to work. Three years, a grueling court case, and one long battle later, I got to hear the words, “not guilty!” Joe didn’t just collect a retainer and show up on court date. He scrutinized every document in the case, subpoenaed the information he needed, and presented a perfect case of facts!

When you need someone that will fight for you and can actually win, Joe is the guy!!

Jacob Wilkerson

Joe is an incredible lawyer who goes above and beyond for his clients, and he does so because he genuinely cares about people. Joe knows that the justice system is stacked against the average person, and he does everything in his power to level the playing field for his clients by being a fierce advocate for justice and truth. I’ve met many lawyers in D.C., they’re everywhere around here, but Joe is of the rare variety that actually does it for the people and not the paycheck. We need more lawyers like him. And if you need a lawyer, he’s your best bet at getting a fair shot in an otherwise unfair system.